Cataracts occur when the natural lens of your eye becomes cloudy due to a buildup of protein deposits. This causes color vision distortion and blurry vision. Fortunately, the condition can be treated with cataract surgery.
What Happens Before the Surgery?
Before the surgery, your doctor will discuss the types of artificial lenses that are available. The types available include:
- Fixed-focus monofocal: This lens corrects distance vision. If you require correction for reading, you would need a pair of reading glasses.
- Multi-focal: allows you to see clear at near, intermediate and far distances. This lens is not covered by insurance providers.
- Astigmatism correction: If you have significant astigmatism, this lens can correct it.
Finally, you will be given eye drops that need to be used before the procedure.
What Happens During the Surgery?
During the surgery, your doctor will remove the clouded lens and replace it with a clear artificial lens. This will treat all of the symptoms of your condition. This is an outpatient procedure. Your doctor will put drops in your eyes to dilate them. They will also use a local anesthetic to numb the area. Finally, you will be given a sedative. You will be awake during the surgery, but you will feel groggy.
What Happens After Surgery?
It will take a few days for your eyes to heal. During this time, you should continue using your eye drops as directed. Your vision will be blurry at first and will start improving while you heal. You will also notice that colors are brighter. You will need to see your doctor a day or two after the procedure and again the following week. Your eye doctor will want to monitor your condition. You will be given an eye shield before the surgery, and it should be worn when you are outside and while you sleep. This will keep you from rubbing your eyes. The next day after surgery you will go back to the doctor for a follow-up visit and after a few weeks when you are completely healed, you will have an eye exam to determine if you need a new reading glasses.