Eye conditions affected by age and how to treat them

Eye conditions affected by age and how to treat them

As you get older, so your vision begins to change. From around 40 years old, your risk of developing certain eye problems increases significantly. These include: Age-related macular degeneration: AMD is a disease which gradually affects your central vision by destroying the macular tissue of the retina, causing a blind spot or fuzziness in the middle of your vision. This is usually our sharpest area of vision and is relied upon when reading or driving. There are two types of macular degeneration, wet and dry. Wet AMD occurs when blood vessels grow and leak into the macular and this can be treated through medication or laser eye surgery. Dry AMD involves no blood vessel leaks and cannot be treated, however, your eye doctor can try help slow its progression. Cataracts: Normally, the lenses in your eyes are perfectly transparent. They can become cloudy over time and this condition is known as cataracts. Many people choose to use stronger glasses and better lighting to counteract this fogging effect, but eventually they will require proper treatment in the form of eye surgery in which the lenses are replaced. Presbyopia: Presbyopia is a normal part of aging where the eye’s lens becomes less elastic over time, making it more difficult to change its focus quickly. This affects your ability to read fine print. While presbyopia can be treated by wearing bifocals, it can also be treated surgically with monovision correction. Glaucoma: This disease is associated with high pressure in the eye that starts to damage the optic nerve. This is a very serious condition and can result in significant vision loss and blindness. This damage happens gradually and often goes unnoticed until it starts to affect your lifestyle, so it’s important to recognize the symptoms. Acute closed angle glaucoma symptoms include eye pain, blurred vision, halos around lights and reddening of the eye. Primary open angle glaucoma symptoms include gradual loss of peripheral vision and tunnel vision. While damage from this disease cannot be reversed, your eye doctor can help prevent further vision loss through eye drops, medication and surgery (if required). Diabetic eye disease: This is a complication that can occur in people suffering from diabetes. The most common variation is diabetic retinopathy, where the blood vessels in your retina are damaged. The loss of vision may be unnoticeable at first, but this serious condition can lead to permanent blindness. Treatment for this condition can include focal laser treatment, scatter laser treatment or a vitrectomy, slowing the damage to your vision. Dry eye: Your tear ducts can change as you age and either stop producing tears properly or producing tears that aren’t the right consistency. This means your eye will have insufficient lubrication, making it feel dry and scratchy. While many people only suffer mild irritation, some people find that it drastically affects their quality of life. It is generally treated with prescription eye drops or by closing the tear ducts. Get leading advice and treatment for your eye condition As you can see, many of these age-related conditions affect vision gradually at first, making them difficult to detect, making regular annual eye exams essential.  At The Laser Center of Coral Gables, our eye surgeons can offer you the most advanced procedures to treat your eye condition, helping to restore your...

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